Today, the electricity grid is undergoing its most rapid period of change since its inception in the mid 1900s, brought on by the growth of variable renewable energy and a new wave of electrification. As these trends accelerate, U.S. buildings have the opportunity to simultaneously accelerate the transition to renewable energy and minimize its cost by becoming active participants in the grid rather than just passive consumers.

While some buildings are currently capable of shifting load throughout the day to achieve demand flexibility, the need for such capability will grow exponentially in the near future. This document is written to guide state and local governments that are developing a building performance standard (BPS) in thinking through how a BPS might encourage demand flexibility.

IMT is a leading expert in BPS development. To check out its wider array of related resources, visit

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